FAQs

Q?

What’s the difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin?

A.

Dry skin refers to skin that’s lacking in oil. Dehydrated skin is characterised by a lack of moisture in the Stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis).

Traditionally, the Stratum corneum cells are about 10% water. Anything below that is classified as a dehydrated skin condition.

Because dehydration is a lack of water in skin, dehydration can even be experienced by those with oily skin. Whether you’re suffering from dryness or dehydration, a professional skin therapist can prescribe a regimen to help keep skin healthy.

Q?

I’ve never had dry skin before. Why do I have it now?

A.

The natural process of aging, environment, and lifestyle choices can impact your skin’s level of dryness.

As we age, the activity of sebaceous (oil) glands begins to slow, causing the skin’s natural hydrators to decline over the years. Aging may also cause blood flow to skin to decrease, causing a drop in oil production. Cold winds and cold temperatures can dry out skin, which is why you may notice “seasonal” dryness. This also applies to air conditioning and forced air heating. Warm, dry air acts like a sponge, soaking up moisture from everything it touches. Prolonged exposure to sun can also cause water evaporation from skin and contribute to dryness.

Q?

When shouldn’t I exfoliate?

A.

While exfoliation is recommended for almost every skin condition, there are times when you shouldn’t exfoliate.

Skin that has been recently sunburned or waxed should not be exfoliated. Never exfoliate over open wounds or cuts.

If you have a sensitized skin condition, exfoliation may further compromise your skin’s natural protective barrier. It is important to follow the advice of your skin therapist when exfoliation is a part of your professional treatment and home care regimen.

Q?

What should I expect before, during, and after a professional exfoliation treatment?

A.

Professional exfoliation treatments are a great way to resurface, smooth, and brighten skin. They can help diminish the appearance of fine lines and hyperpigmentation, all while improving elasticity.

Before: Professional exfoliation treatments will begin with a professional double cleansing to remove all traces of oil, make-up and debris.

During: Based upon the results of your Face Mapping® skin analysis, your professional skin therapist will choose chemical or physical exfoliants, or both, to deliver the desired result. If you experience any discomfort (burning, stinging) during the treatment, alert your professional skin therapist immediately. Professional exfoliation uses stronger higher activity products, so some tingling is often expected.

After: Exfoliation, especially exfoliation with hydroxy acids, may increase your sensitivity to the sun as little as 13% and up to 50%. For this reason, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) requires an application of SPF after any Hydroxy Acid treatment – good advice for your home care regimen as well.

Your professional skin therapist will also prescribe an at-home regimen to help you maintain the results.

Q?

What’s the difference between physical and chemical exfoliants?

A.

Both physical and chemical exfoliants work to remove dulling surface cells for a brighter, smoother surface.

Physical exfoliants use friction together with grains or particles to mechanically remove dead skin cells. This can be achieved through a brush or gentle abrasive ingredients such as Corn Cob Meal, Rice Bran or Oatmeal. Depending on the amount of friction or massage over the skin and the nature of the abrasive, results may vary. Steer clear of scrubs made from ground-up fruit pits or nut shells, which actually scratch and irritate skin.

Chemical exfoliants smooth skin by dissolving the intercellular “glue” that attach skin cells to the skin’s surface. Chemical exfoliants can also digest the cells as well. Hydroxy acids like Lactic and Salicylic Acid, Retinol, and enzymes are a few examples of chemical exfoliants.

Q?

I have a breakout right now and want it gone fast! What can I do?

A.

Breakouts always tend to “pop up” when we need to put our best face forward.

If you can, make an appointment ASAP with your professional skin therapist, who can determine if your breakout is a blackhead, and can subsequently extract it. If you have a non-blackhead breakout, your professional skin therapist can treat it with professional treatment room tools.

If you can’t get to a professional, treat the breakout with a topical treatment product containing Benzoyl Peroxide. If you’re allergic or hypersensitive to Benzoyl Peroxide, try a product containing Sulfur. A product containing a nature al tint will also help conceal the breakout as it heals.

Q?

I have oily skin. Why do I need a moisturizer?

A.

Moisturizers are vital to every skin care regimen, regardless of skin condition.

An oily skin can be dehydrated, and will need hydration from a moisturizer: this is because dehydration is a lack of water in the skin layers, not a lack of oil. The activity of oil glands can still be normal, or even overactive, in a dehydrated skin. Often times, dehydration in an oily skin can also lead to higher production of oil, so keeping skin hydrated with an oil-free moisturizer can help control overactive sebaceous glands.

Q?

What’s the difference between a whitehead and a blackhead?

A.

Whiteheads and blackheads are considered non-inflammatory lesions when discussing the various stages of breakouts.

Speak with your professional skin therapist about a customized regimen to help control the signs of skin aging. A blackhead is a clogged follicle opening containing oil and dead cells.

 

Second, blackheads are not a sign of dirty, or unclean, skin.

Blackheads are blocked follicles that have an opening to the skin’s surface, making them exposed to air, triggering oxidization which makes it change in color (think how an apple turns brown after it’s been cut/exposed to oxygen).

 

A whitehead, also known as a closed comedone , is not open and has barely any or no exposure to air. Because air cannot reach the follicle, the debris inside the pore does not oxidize and change color.

Q?

All of a sudden I’m experiencing skin sensitization. Why?

A.

Environmental factors, aging and lifestyle choices can all increase skin sensitization.

Cold winds and low temperatures, sun exposure, pollution, and chemical exposure in cleaning and household products can irritate and dry out skin, depriving it of lipids and moisture between cells that keep the protective layer of the skin intact. Without these substances, skin is left unprotected from bacteria and irritant invasion and moisture is drawn out. Dry skin is a precursor to sensitized skin.
As we age, the activity of sebaceous (oil) glands begins to slow, causing the skin’s natural hydrators to decline over the years. Aging may also cause blood flow to skin to decrease, causing a drop in oil production.
Low-fat, no-fat diets can deprive our bodies of skin-friendly Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) that help protect against water loss within cells and can even help prevent dryness (remember, dryness is a precursor to sensitized skin).
Over-cleansing, over-exfoliation or shaving without a protective medium can also weaken skin’s barrier function, leading to skin sensitization.
If you’ve recently switched skin care or make-up products, take note: they could contain artificial fragrances and colors known to aggravate and increase skin sensitization. Speak with a professional skin therapist to find out if your current regimen is causing your sensitivity.